Therapeutic Presencing in Nursing
This paper provides an operational definition of therapeutic presencing as a first step in the systematic analysis of the concept. The Wilsonian method of concept analysis provided the framework for the analysis. The researcher identifies themes explicated from the concept of therapeutic presencing to develop a clear understanding of the concept to nursing. Model cases illustrate the concept further. The result shows that Being, Receiving, Influencing and Participating are the themes most associated with the concept. Moreover, immersion, congruence and empathy were described as the qualities of therapeutic presencing in nursing. Further nursing research needs to test the theoretical relationship between concept of therapeutic presencing and outcome variables.
Brown, L. (1986). The experience of care: Patient perspectives. Topics in Clinical
Nursing, 8, (2),56-62.
Bulecheck, G. M. & McCloskey, J. C. (1985). Nursing interventions. Philadelphia:W. B.
Carson, V. B. (1989). Spirituality and the nursing process. In V. B. Carson (Ed.)
Spiritual dimensions of nursing practice. (pp.150-179). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
Colazzi, J. (1975). The proper object of nursing science. International Journal of Nursing
Studies, 12, 197-200.
Cronin, S. N. & Harrison, B. (1988). The importance of nurse caring behaviors as perceived by patients after myocardial infarct. Heart & Lung, 17, 374-380.
Edeer, E. M., Geller, S. M.& Gruber, H. (2000) Therapeutic presence, dynamic field of
relationship and reciprocity Presentation at Society for Psychotherapy Research
(SPR) Conference 2000 contact email@example.com
Fish, S. & Shelly, J. (1978). Spiritual care: The nurse's role. Madison, WI: Intervarsity
Flexner, S. B. (1987). The random house dictionary. New York: Random House.
Forrest, D. (1989) The experience of caring. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 14, 815-823.
Fuller, J. (1991). A conceptualization of presence as a nursing phenomenon. Ann Arbor,
MI: UMI Dissertation Services.
Gaut, D. (1992). The presence of caring in nursing. National League for Nursing.
Gilje, F. (1992) . Being there: An analysis of the concept of presence. In D.A. Gaut (Ed.)
The presence of caring in nursing. New York: NLN.
Gardner, D. (1985) . Presence. In G. Bulechek, J. McCloskey & M. Aydelotte (Eds. )
Nursing Interventions. Philadelphia: W. B. Sanders, 316-324.
Kahn, W. (1992) To be fully there: Psychological presence at work. Human Relations,
King, I. M. (1975). A process of developing concepts for nursing through research. In
P. Verhonick (Ed.) . Nursing Research, Vol. I. Boston: Little, Brown, &
Korb, M. P. (1990). The numinous ground: I-Thou in Gestalt work. The Gestalt Journal,
Kristjansdottir, G. (1992). Empathy: A therapeutic phenomenon in nursing care. Journal
of Clinical Nursing, 1, 131-140.
Larson, P.J. (1987). Comparison of cancer patients' and professional nurses' perceptions
of important caring behaviors. Heart & Lung, 16, 187-192.
Lavoie, J. (1983) A caring presence. The nurse's lamp: Bulletin of Nurses Christian
Fellowship, 35, 2.
Marcel, M. (1971). The philosophy of existence. Philadelphia: University of
Marsden, C. (1990). Real presence. Heart & Lung, 19, 540-541.
O’Connell, M. (2000) Subjective reality, objective reality, modes of relatedness, and
therapeutic action. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 69(4), 677-710. Parse, R. R. (1990). Health: A personal commitment. Nursing Science Quarterly, 3, 136-140.
Parse, R. R. (1992). Human becoming: Parse's theory of nursing. Nursing Science
Quarterly, 5, 35-40.
Paterson, J. G. & Zderad, L. T. (1976) Humanistic nursing. New York: John Wiley &
Reiman, D. J. (1986) Noncaring and caring in the clinical setting: Patient's descriptions
Topics in Clinical Nursing, 8,(2),30-36.
Rogers, B. L. , (1993) . Concept analysis: An evolutionary view. In B. L. Rogers and
K. A. Knafl (Eds.). Concept development in nursing: Foundations, techniques and applications. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders
Sandelowski, M. (2002). Visible humans, vanishing bodies and virtual nursing:
Complications of life, presence, place, and identity. Advances in Nursing Science. 24(3), 58-70.
Swanson-Kauffman, K. M. (1986) . Caring needs following unexpected early pregnancy
loss. Topics in Clinical Nursing, 8,(2),37-46
Travelbee, J. (1971) . Interpersonal aspects of patient care, (2cd ed.) . Philadelphia: F. A.
USA Nursing Knowledge Consensus Conference (1998) Presence Consensus Statement
on Emerging Nursing Knowledge A Value-Based Position Paper Linking Nursing Knowledge and Practice Outcomes Boston, Massachusetts (Draft October 1999) available at http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/son/theorist/roy.pdf
Watson, J. (1985) . Nursing: Human science and human care. Norwalk, CT: Appleton
Wilson, H. S. (1976). Presencing - Social control of schizophrenics in an antipsychiatric
community: Doing grounded theory. In P. Verhonick (Ed.). Nursing Research,
Vol. I.I., Boston: Little, Brown
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission to or Agreeing to Publish with IARS' International Research Journal through any means is to agree to auto-transfer the copyright to its publisher. Author reserves the ownership of the content for further research purposes but re-publishing the content already submitted or ublished with IARS' International Research Journal must be accomied by a written permission from competent authority of IARS' International Research Journal.